Founded 1386 by Rupert I, Elector of the Palatinate. The character of the University was profoundly affected by the Renaissance and the Reformation. It was reorganized as an independent institution by the Grand Duke Charles Frederick of Baden in 1803 and is now an autonomous University financially supported by the State of Baden-Württemberg, and under the jurisdiction of its Ministry of Science and Art.
- Academic year: October to September (October-March, April-September)
- Requirements: Secondary school certificate (Reifezeugnis) or equivalent